What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that affects reading skills and language processing. Children with dyslexia have difficulty in reading, writing, spelling, or in speaking. Dyslexia may affect some skills and abilities, but is not related to the child's general level of intelligence.
The severity of dyslexia can differ in each child. Some children may have difficulty in reading and writing, some may not be able to learn new words and meanings, and others may have trouble with grammar or a new language Due to this difficulty in processing language, the child may be slow in academics. Dyslexia may coexist with other types of learning disabilities, ADHD, or autism.
What are the signs of dyslexia?
Most parents can recognize the signs of dyslexia only when the child starts going to school.
Preschool: The child may have difficulty in:
Primary and middle school: The child may have difficulty in:
Teenagers and adolescents may have difficulty in
What causes dyslexia?
Researchers are yet to identify the exact cause of dyslexia. However, they observe that genes and differences in brain functions may cause dyslexia.
How is dyslexia identified?
There is no single test for dyslexia but a team of professionals are involved in assessing the child's symptoms and then identifying the disorder as dyslexia. The experts also conduct tests to determine if other disabilities such as learning disability, ADHD, or other issues are affecting the child's learning process. Hence, the experts take into account some of these factors for diagnosis:
Intervention and support for dyslexia
There are specific educational approaches and techniques for Dyslexia. Early detection and the right intervention can help children overcome dyslexia.
Some of the interventions include:
What happens when there is no intervention or support?
When dyslexia is not identified during childhood, its effects prevail and may impact the learning process and language skills as the child grows into adulthood. When there is no support or intervention, dyslexia can cause some of these problems:
Caring for a child with dyslexia
Caring for a child with dyslexia can be quite stressful for parents. But with awareness and knowledge about dyslexia, you can play a very important role in helping your child cope with the condition and also overcome the difficulty.
Here are some ways in which you can help your child:
A child is most secure in a loving and affectionate environment. Expressing your love and support, appreciating your child for their efforts, and encouraging them to focus on strengths rather than their weaknesses can help them overcome their difficulties.
Adults with dyslexia
If you were recently identified to have dyslexia, or have not been able to overcome it since your childhood, don’t lose heart. This is a condition that can receive intervention and support in adulthood too. If you think you have dyslexia, seek help from an expert. You can also reach out to friends and family members for support.