Mental Healthcare Bill 2016

Mental Healthcare Bill 2016
Published on

Rights of PMI

18. (1) Every person shall have a right to access mental health care and treatment from mental health services run or funded by the appropriate Government.

(2) The right to access mental healthcare and treatment shall mean mental health services of affordable cost, of good quality, available in sufficient quantity, accessible geographically, without discrimination on the basis of gender, sex, sexual orientation, religion, culture, caste, social or political beliefs, class, disability or any other basis and provided in a manner that is acceptable to persons with mental illness and their families and care-givers.

Nominated Rep

14. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 5, every person who is not a minor, shall have a right to appoint a nominated representative.

17. While fulfilling his duties under this Act, the nominated representative shall––

(a) consider the current and past wishes, the life history, values, cultural background and the best interests of the person with mental illness;

(b) give particular credence to the views of the person with mental illness to the extent that the person understands the nature of the decisions under consideration;

(c) provide support to the person with mental illness in making treatment decisions under section 89 or section 90;

(d) have right to seek information on diagnosis and treatment to provide adequate support to the person with mental illness;

Advance Directive

5. (1) Every person, who is not a minor, shall have a right to make an advance directive in writing, specifying any or all of the following, namely––

(a) the way the person wishes to be cared for and treated for a mental illness;

(b) the way the person wishes not to be cared for and treated for a mental illness;

(c) the individual or individuals, in order of precedence, he wants to appoint as his nominated representative as provided under section 14.


95. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the following treatments shall not be performed on any person with mental illness–

(a) electro-convulsive therapy without the use of muscle relaxants and anaesthesia;

(b) electro-convulsive therapy for minors;

(c) sterilisation of men or women, when such sterilization is intended as a treatment for mental illness;

(d) chained in any manner or form whatsoever.

Decriminalize Suicide

115. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 309 of the Indian Penal Code any person who attempts to commit suicide shall be presumed, unless proved otherwise, to have severe stress and shall not be tried and punished under the said Code.

(2) The appropriate Government shall have a duty to provide care, treatment and rehabilitation to a person, having severe stress and who attempted to commit suicide, to reduce the risk of recurrence of attempt to commit suicide.

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