Treatment of mental illness

The different types of treatment of mental illness
Treatment of mental illness

Following a diagnosis of mental illness, there are a variety of treatment options available. The treatment plan depends on the diagnosis and severity of the illness. It is usually tailored to the individual’s needs and cannot be generalized. It is important to consult a mental health professional before starting any form of treatment. 

What are the different types of treatment?

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy uses scientifically validated procedures to help people manage their thoughts, emotions, and develop healthy behavioral patterns. The therapist works with the client to understand different aspects of their life and identify areas of improvement to help manage their mental illness better. This is done in an empathetic and non-judgemental manner. Read more about the different types of psychotherapies here.

Psychiatric medication: In certain cases, psychiatrists prescribe medicines for mental illnesses. These could be anti-depression, anti-anxiety, mood-stabilizing medications for instance, its course will depend on the severity of the illness. Treatment often includes a combination of medication and therapy. Read more about psychiatric medication here.

Other forms of therapy: Several alternate forms of therapy can aid in the treatment of mental illness. These include yoga therapy, animal assisted therapy, movement therapy to name a few. These are often used in addition to the existing treatment process to aid in the person’s recovery. Learn more about the other forms of therapy here

If a person requires constant observation from a medical professional, there is the option of getting admitted to a psychiatric hospital for treatment. The duration of the person’s stay at the hospital—depending on the status of their mental health—can range from a few days to a few months. The treatment process in such a case often remains the same, but is administered in a more structured environment. The Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 (Act) in India lays out the rules for the admission of an independent patient and a supported patient for admission to a psychiatric hospital. Read more about psychiatric hospitalization here. 

Click here to read about the types of psychotherapy  

Click here to read about the most common mental illnesses in India

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